Wednesday, 1 November 2017

Common Tests and Interventions Done Prenatally, During Labor and Birth, and Postpartum in Korea

 The Mayo Guide to a Healthy Pregnancy
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While your caregiver will offer all these tests and interventions, it's up to you to accept them. They don't typically ask you if you want them However, you can ALWAYS have a choice and can opt out and say no. Even if you say no, your doctor is not likely to "fire" you or refuse you care. More often than not, they'll just think you're weird.

You might also be interested in reading the following:

Tests and Interventions Done Prenatally in General
  • Ultrasounds, weight, and blood pressure are done at every doctor's visit.
  • Being told not to gain too much weight or even go on a diet if you're overweight.  
  • No medicine offered to help with morning sickness.   
  • Flu shot.
First Trimester
  • Monthly visits until about 28 weeks.
  • Blood and urine tests during the first visit to test for things such as protein in your urine, thyroid function, liver function, Hep B, titers for immunities to childhood disease, blood type, and HCG level. 
  • Pap smear during the first visit to test for abnormalities and STDs.
  • Chorionic villus sampling (CVS) done between 10-13 weeks if you're over 35 or high risk.
  • 4D ultrasound done around 12 weeks as part of the Nuchal Translucency (NT) test.
  • First trimester screening around 12 weeks which involves the NT test and blood test to test for chromosomal abnormalities.
Second Trimester
  • Monthly visits until about 28 weeks.
  • Amniocentesis done between 15-20 weeks if you're over 35 or high risk.
  • Triple or Quad test done between 15-20 weeks to test for chromosomal abnormalities.  
  • Flu shot during winter.
  • Gestational diabetes (GDM) test done between 24-28 weeks. 
Third Trimester
  • Visits every two weeks between about 28-36 weeks.
  • Weekly visits from 36 weeks until you give birth.
  • Rhogam shot given around 28 weeks to Rh- moms.
  • Blood test to check for anemia and cholesterol levels done between 28-32 weeks.
  • Internal ultrasound / exam to check cervical length done between 28-32 weeks.  
  • Urine tests done between 28-36 weeks to check for protein in your urine.  
  • DTaP shot after 32 weeks.
  • Non-Stress Test done around 36 weeks.
  • Group B Strep (GBS) test done around 36 weeks.
  • X-Ray done around 36 weeks to rule out tuberculous. Not as commonly done as before.
  • EKG done around 36 weeks to check for abnormalities that might interfere with medicine given during birth.  
  • Induction at 41w3d.
Tests and Interventions Done During Labor and Birth
  • Induction done after 12 hours of water breaking if 36+ weeks.
  • Vaginal exam upon admittance and then every hour.
  • Monitoring blood pressure and temperature.
  • Fetal monitoring for 15-20 minutes every hour using a belt strapped across the mom's belly.
  • Enemas.
  • Shaving of pubic hair.
  • IVs for fluids, antibiotics, and/or glucose. 
  • No food or drink during labor.
  • Birthing on your back.
  • Episiotomies (an incision made from the vaginal wall). 
  • Pitocin.
  • Coached pushing aka purple pushing.
  • Immediate clamping of the umbilical cord.
  • Pitocin and massage to birth the placenta.
  • "Emergency" C-sections. The rate for Korea is about 33%, which is the same as the USA.  
  • Rhogam shot given up to 72 hours after given birth if the mom is Rh negative.

Tests and Interventions Done Postpartum
  • Suctioning the baby's airway after birth.
  • Washing the baby with soap and water.
  • Taking the baby away immediately to be weighed and measured.
  • Taking the baby to the nursery.
  • NICU: Seeing your baby twice a day for 20 minutes. Info about NICUs in Korea
  • Feeding the baby formula and/or sugar water.
  • Erythromycin Eye Ointment.
  • Vitamin K shot. 
  • Hepatitis B shot.
  • PKU test done between 3-4 days old.
  • Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) shot for TB given around 2 weeks.
  • Staying 3 days (if a vaginal birth) - 5 days (if a C-section).
  • Check-up at 6 weeks for the mom.
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Sunday, 1 October 2017

I'd Love to Have You Join My Patreon Page

I finally got around to starting a Patreon page. I'd love to have you join! Patreon allows you to support creators like me on a monthly basis. You can see my other blogs at my author profile.

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Tender Embrace Birthing offers childbirth, breastfeeding, and newborn care classes and support.

Friday, 1 September 2017

Car Seat Laws for Kids in Korea

 Graco SnugRider
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Last Updated 25 September 2017

Legally speaking, in Korea a child must be in an car seat or a booster seat until they're six years old (Western age). The fine is 60,000 if you're caught and you're child doesn't have one. It's very unlikely that you will be pulled over and fined. I've seen infants on the driver's lap, kids bouncing around, and even kids popping up through sunroofs.

However, this is literally a matter of life or death! I cannot stress this enough. I know some people get complacent after living in Korea for a while. But, don't even think about not using car seats! You must put your child in a car seat and you must buy a new one.  

Please don't buy a used one. If it's been in any crash or slightly damaged in any way, it could be compromised. It's not worth saving money when your child's life is on the line. Since it's a big ticket item, consider putting it on your baby registry. Or cross something else off your list and get a car seat.

Installing a car seat
Remember to keep your child rear-facing as long as possible. It doesn't matter if they're a year old, you don't have to turn them around: keep them facing backwards.

It's not easy to install a car seat. You can check online for more info. Unlike some countries, fire departments and police stations cannot check your car seat to make sure it's properly installed. In addition, hospitals and birthing centers aren't going to check if you have a car seat installed before you take your baby home. You could go home in a taxi with them in the front seat and they're not going to stop you. Here are some good sites.
Also, never ever put your child in a car seat while they're wearing coats. This video shows what happens when you put your baby in their car seat while wearing a coat. The car seat lady and this crash test will explain more and why it can be deadly.

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Tuesday, 1 August 2017

Sharing Breastmilk in Korea: Donating and Receiving

 Linsinoh Breast Milk Storage Bags
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I know that moms share breastmilk both formally and informally. As a La Leche League Leader, I can only recommend the former, however, LLL allows me to  give "information and support, including information about the benefits and risks of such practices as induced lactation, relactation, wet-nursing, or cross-nursing."

The World Health Organization says that if a baby cannot be breastfed by his or her mother, then expressed breastmilk from the baby's mother, breastmilk from a healthy wet-nurse or a human-milk bank, or a breastmilk substitute should be given in that order.

Ultimately, I can provide information. It is up to you to make the decision along with your health care provider. 

Milk Banks
There are only two milk banks in Korea. If you want to donate, they will require a test for STDs plus a hepatitis B vaccination. You will have to pay for both of these. I'm not sure how hard it is for non-Korean speaking foreigners to donate milk. I imagine it's like donating blood. In theory, it's possible; in practice, very difficult.
Donating milk to milk banks was in the Korean news. You can see the story here.
  • KyungHee University Hospital at Kangdong in Seoul. The phone number is 02-440-7731.
  • Iksan Jeil Hospital. The phone number is 063-840-7629, 2300
How much milk do you need?
There's an article by KellyMom which explains that babies aged 1-6 months need about 19-30 oz (570-900 ml) of breastmilk per day. Some women get milk from one other women, while others get milk from many different women. Some also supplement with formula. I do not know how much Korean milk banks charge for milk. I know in the USA, it's about $4 an ounce.

Pasteurizing the milk
In milk banks, the milk goes through a pasteurization process. That's not the case if you connect directly with another mom. You need to be able to trust the mom you get the milk from.

Some families decide to pasteurize any and all donor milk they use. Sometimes the baby doesn't like the taste of donated breastmilk. Scalding the breastmilk can help. Eats on Feets also has information on two different ways to pasteurize milk. Milkshare has good info on how to screen mothers that you're getting milk from.

Milk sharing resources, risks, and benefits
I highly encourage you to read these articles as well as do your own research before making a decision. Only you can decide what is right for you and your child.

Where to Find Breastmilk Sharing Communities in Korea
Please check the milk sharing resources mentioned above. MMKorea Nursing Support has information on how to send breastmilk. Most families will pay for the breastmilk storage bags as well as shipping costs.
Human Milk 4 Human Babies (HM4HB) - South Korea 
You can message this group and they will post on your behalf whether it be an offer or a request. It's not that active, but when people post, they usually get responses.

MMKorea Nursing Support 
This is not a milk sharing group, but a peer-to-peer breastfeeding support group. With that being said, it's Korea-wide and women are usually able to help.

Local parenting or mom groups. Someone often knows someone. Some women have been known to pump specifically for another baby.

Check military groups. Often moms who PCS have to get rid of loads of milk. If you know someone who's military, ask them if they can post on your behalf.

Other Breastmilk Sharing Options: Currently Not Available in Korea
There are currently no chapters in Korea, but may be in the future.

MilkShare
They have an email list they send out. It's geared towards women in the USA. However, maybe someone in Korea could set up something similar.
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Saturday, 8 July 2017

The Big Latch On Korea 2017

 Eat, Breastfeed, Repeat
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August is Breastfeeding Awareness Month and all over the world people will be participating in events to celebrate. If you'd like to show your support for Breastfeeding Awareness, look at the items below:
There are also a few events going on that you can participate in:
The latter two you can do on your own, but the Global Big Latch On takes place with other people.

What is The Global Big Latch On?
Their website states that "Global Big Latch On events take place at registered locations around the world, where women gather together to breastfeed and offer peer support to each other. Their friends, family and community join this celebration to promote and support breastfeeding. Volunteers from within the community host each location, hosting a Global Big Latch On event creates a lasting support network for the community."

 It started in New Zealand in 2005. There are many reasons behind this event, according to their site.
"Global Big Latch On events aim to protect, promote & support breastfeeding families by:
  • Provide support for communities to identify and grow opportunities to provide on-going breastfeeding support and promotion in local communities.
  • Raise awareness of breastfeeding support and knowledge available locally and globally. 
  • Help communities positively support breastfeeding in public places. 
  • Make breastfeeding as normal part of day-to-day life at a local community level.
  • Increase support for women who breastfeed – women are supported by their partners, family and their communities.
  • Ensure communities have the resources to advocate for coordinated appropriate and accessible breastfeeding support services."
Who Can Participate?
Breastfeeding moms, their partners, and their supporters are welcome to join. They will count three different things: the number of latches, the number of breastfeeding women, and the total number of people. They recognise that breastfeeding journets are different. As such, in order to be counted as a latch, you can have
  • A direct latch
  • A supplemental nursing system or nipple shield
  • Express milk using your hands or pump
  • Feed your child breastmilk using an alternative method
In Korea there will be 2 events, one in Yongsan, Seoul and one in Songtan, Pyeongtaek. Be sure to check out Big Latch On Korea on Facebook as well.

Want to Donate or Help Out?
If you're a small or local business, consider donating a prize for the raffle. If you'd like to donate money, please do so on The Big Latch On website. If you'd like to donate your time, please contact Sheila (Seoul) or Sharon (Pyeongtaek) to find out how you can help out.

Yongsan, Seoul: Friday, August 4th from 10-11:30am
The location is TBA. You can register on the Facebook page or on the Big Latch On website. The location code for this event is 1324. Victor will be there to take photos. There will be a raffle and the following businesses will be providing prizes.

Songtan, Pyeongtaek: Saturday, August 5th from 10-11am
The event will be held at Cornerstone, which is a coffee shop near Posco. You can find a map on the Facebook event. Since they are letting us use the location they have asked that people buy one drink. You can register on the Facebook page or on the Big Latch On website. The location code for this event is 1326.
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Thursday, 1 June 2017

Where to Buy a New Breast Pump in Korea

 Spectra S1 Double Electric Breast Pump
Spectra S1: Buy from Amazon
When planning on what to get for your baby, you need to consider how you will raise your child. Different people will spend money on different things. Pumps can be expensive but you can also put them on your baby registry.

How Long is a Pump Good For?

Many people make the mistake of asking long a pump is good for. The problem with this is that pumps aren't good for weeks, months, or years, they're good for a certain number of hours. Most breast pumps are good for about 400 hours.
  • Someone has a baby in the NICU and they need to pump 10 times a day for about 20 minutes each time. After one month of doing this, the pump would have clocked 100 hours. 
  •  Spectra 2 Hospital Grade Breast Pump
    Spectra S2: Buy from Amazon
  • Someone pumps twice a day for 10 minutes each time. Assume that they work 242 days in the year. After a year of doing this, they would only be at about 80 hours.
Closed vs. Open Breast Pumps
A closed pump keeps the milk from entering the tubing. The Pumping Mommy and Kelly Mom also have some great info about why you should buy a closed breast pump, especially if you're buying a used one. Closed pumps are WHO compliant. Open pumps are not.

Closed Breast Pumps
Here are some closed breast pumps. There are hospital-grade, double electric pumps, single electric pumps, and single manual pumps. Be sure to read the reviews to see which one would be best for you. I always read the negative reviews first. You can also filter them to only see verified purchases.


Stores
Baby Fairs are a good place to check out different breast pumps. Sometimes it's cheaper to buy a pump at a baby fair than at a store. Stores dedicated to families, such as Moms Mom and Toys R Us
may have them. Bigger department stores such as Lotte and Shinsaegae may as well. In Lotte in Myeongdong, there is a place called BB on the 7th floor that has some pumps. Around women's hospitals there are often stores dedicated to families and some bigger hospitals may actually have a store inside. Mothercare is located inside Homeplus and they may have some pumps. Sunny Smart Shopping and Ask Ajumma are services that can help you locate a pump whether from a brick-and-mortar store or an online store. 


Online direct from companies
Online from people
Sometimes people buy a pump or are given a pump and never use it. You might find one listed on one of the sites below. 

    NB: I will be taking a break from blogging in July and August. I will be back in September. If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact me on sharonkcouzens@gmail.com

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    Monday, 1 May 2017

    Why the Words "Low" and "High" Should Not be Used by Your Doctor

     Ina May's Guide to Childbirth
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    It often happens like this. At a routine doctor's visit you're told . . .
    • your heart rate . . .
    • your baby's heart rate . . .
    • the amniotic fluid . . .  
    • the baby's weight . . . 
    • your blood pressure . . .
    is too low / too high so we need to do . . .
    • an induction.
    • an (emergency) C-section.
    • more tests. 
    More often than not it's accompanies by fear and guilt techniques such as if you don't do this your baby could have serious long-term problems or even death. This is absolutely horrible and bullies parents into making decisions when they have not received complete informed consent. When you're told this by your doctor, you blindly do what they tell you. Granted there are situations that do merit immediate care. However, usually things are normal. 

    Another example
    Let's step away from doctors and get a different perspective. Imagine you want to find out the weather forecast for the next week and all that you can see is the date and "hot" or "cold". That's it. No temperatures. That's not very helpful, is it?

    That's precisely what doctors are doing when they tell you your numbers or your baby's numbers are "low" or "high". They're not giving you the complete picture, so how exactly can you make an informed decision when you're missing the vital information?

    Here's what you need to do
    Always, always, ask for numbers. "Low" and "high" are subjective. Numbers are concrete and objective. Only then, can you make an informed decision. Let's look at two different situations. You need two numbers:
    • what the normal range is
    • what your number is.
    Situation A
    You go in for a routine visit and are told your X is low. You ask for numbers and are told that the normal range is 100-120 and you are at 98. You're 2 numbers away from being within the normal range. You now know the complete picture and can decide what to do. That might be to follow the doctor's advice, ask for re-testing, check and see what can cause low numbers and try to fix it and then re-test. 2 numbers isn't that drastic and remember that there is room for error in all tests.

    Situation B
    You go in for a routine visit and are told your X is low. You ask for numbers and are told that the normal range is 100-120 and you are at 50. Now this situation is very different than Situation A. Here you are 50 numbers away from being within the normal range. Knowing this you will probably make a very different decision that what you would make in Situation A.

    Conclusion
    Doctors do tend to have your best interests and the baby's best interest in mind. However, there are also many other things that come into play.
    • They're following hospital policies.
    • They actively manage births instead of using expectant management.
    • They want to go home because it's Friday / they have plans the next day.
    • They're afraid of being sued.
    The bottom line is that it's ultimately up to you to get the complete picture and make a decision based on concrete, objective numbers not abstract, subjective adjectives.

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    Monday, 3 April 2017

    Miscarriage, Pregnancy Loss, Neonatal Death, and Infant Loss Support in Korea

     Beyond Tears: Living after losing a child
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    Losing a child is something no parent should ever have to go through. There are technical names for the losses depending on when they occurred, however, the result is the same: the baby is gone.

    Many women suffer from miscarriages and some do not even know they were pregnant. A baby is usually considered stillborn if the loss happens after 20 weeks and if it happens before then it's considered a miscarriage. A very early miscarriage (before 5 weeks) is usually considered a chemical pregnancy. Neonatal death is when a baby dies within the first 28 days of life. Infant death is between 28-364 days.

    What to do
    There are places to seek out help and talk to people who have been through the same experience, trained volunteers, as well as professional counselors and social workers. There are also a number of books written on this topic.

    Depending on how old the baby was, many families find that photos or memory boxes (here's a list of what you can add to your memory box) can be very comforting. Others create certificates of life for their child that they lost in utero, such as the ones available at Bears of Hope, Grief Watch, and Memorial for the Unborn.


    Support in Korea, both online and in person


    Online Support in Korea (these do not deal with loss specifically)

    Counselors and Social Workers in Korea


    Online support, not specifically for Korea
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    Wednesday, 1 March 2017

    The Difference Between Folic Acid and Folate: Which is Better?

     Folate
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    Folic acid is to folate as pitocin is to oxytocin. The former is the synthetic form and the latter is the natural form.

    The Linus Pauling Institute has some good information on what folate is. Chris Kesser and Wellness Mama both have very detailed posts about the differences between folic acid and folate.

    I highly recommend reading the articles and deciding which is best for you. It's easy to find folic acid supplements, but a bit more difficult to find folate supplements. Try searching for L-Methylfolate or
    5-MTHF.
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    Wednesday, 1 February 2017

    What Shots / Vaccines are Required to Visit, Live, Work, or Study in Korea?

    Updated 30 October 2017

    I'm not going to get into the whole pro-vaccine vs. anti-vaccine debate. I'm simply going to share the facts about visiting, living, working, or studying in Korea. Any pro or anti-vaccine comments will be deleted. Thank you for understanding.

    The Short Answer
    No vaccines are required to visit, live, work (however, certain employers may require them), or study in Korea. While no vaccines are required to enter or exit Korea, the CDC recommends certain vaccines. Please see below for more detail about specific situations.

    The Long Answer
    Visiting and Living
    None are required. The CDC recommends certain vaccines, but if you don't have them you can still come here. What shots you decide to get (if any) will depend on your lifestyle, where you travel in Korea, and what you are exposed to. Certain people are more at risk to getting diseases than others.

    Working
    They may be required depending on your career field and employer requirements. For example, if you work in the health profession, you might be required to get vaccines to keep your job. This means you can either change employers, change career fields, or get the required vaccines.

    Can You Leave Korea if You Have No Vaccines?
    I heard a story about a woman telling people that a child was not allowed to leave the country because they hadn't had their shots. This is completely untrue. No shots are required to enter Korea and none are required to leave. The country that you're going into may require vaccines but that's a different matter. I've traveled widely, even to countries with epidemics and although I also carry my  yellow international vaccine booklet, I have never been asked to show it.

    Are Vaccines Required if Your Child is Born in Korea?
    Both my children were born in Korea with Korean medical professionals. The first was born vaginally in a birthing center and the second was supposed to be born at home but ended up being born via emergency C-section at a hospital due to her heart rate dropping severally low. Right at birth or a few days following birth, babies born in Korea usually are given the following if you do not opt out.
    • Hepatitis B
    • Erythromycin (eye medicine)
    • Vitamin K
    • BGC (Tuberculosis) 
    • PKU test
    This is standard but they are not required to get anything; you can opt out, just make sure you have it in writing otherwise more likely than not they will get them. You can still leave the hospital if you don't get any of them or just choose to get some of them. They're not going to keep you there and make you get shots.

    If you get your child an ARC (alien card) then they will have a national vaccine record. It's very convenient. Basically you can walk into any hospital or clinic, large or small, give them your child's alien number and they can pull up their vaccine record that states where and when they got that shot.

    When you take your child to the pediatrician after they are born, they will get a booklet with information about their height and weight charts, vaccine schedule, and other things. On the vaccine schedule they will have one section for standard / required vaccines and another for optional vaccines. However, no vaccines are actually required.

    You do not have to get any vaccines for your child. Your doctor may give you a hard time, but your children are not going to be taken away from you. I don't know of anyone whose doctor has refused to see their child after they decided not to do some (or any) of the vaccines. What most people are faced with is a doctor that is totally confused about why you don't want that shot. Koreans traditionally do not ask doctors questions. When doctors have appointments with foreigners they usually spend twice as long talking since foreigners do ask questions. The good news is that playing the foreigner card seems to help out a lot. Saying something like, "We don't do that in our country." or "It's against my belief." may help.

    Are Vaccines Required for Korean Schools?
    No, they're not. Schools will ask for vaccine records, but if you don't have all of them, or don't have any of them you should be fine. If you only have some shots, just give them what you have. If you don't have any, then write none. This works for daycare all the way up to university, but the government doesn't start getting involved until they hit elementary school. I don't know of anyone who has had to fill out an exemption form like they require in certain countries. The only issue I have heard of is if there is an outbreak and your child is found to be responsible for that outbreak then they can be expelled. The School of ROK has information about shots and schooling. I haven't found any actual rules (my Korean isn't that good) so if you know of any please let me know.

    Are Vaccines Required for International Schools?
    As far as international schools go, it depends on the school, so ask. Different countries follow different rules. What's required for a French international school will probably be different than what's required for an American international school. If it's required, ask if there are exemptions. There are usually three types of exemptions: philosophical, religious, and medical. Most schools will not tell you there are exemptions: you have to ask! Remember, it's against your religion to get vaccines. Hopefully they will accommodate you.

    Are Vaccines Required for Military DODEA Schools (Schools on Base) or the CDC?
    I know that DOD (i.e. schools on base) do require vaccines. What they neglect to say on their website is that they accept medical exemptions as well as religious exemptions. A simple call to the school  should clarify it. If they say no, ask to speak to someone else, because they do accept both medical and religious (and you don't have to be religious to get a religious exemption, see below for more info) exemptions. Please see the links below about religious exemptions for more information about the specific codes that allow them and what to write on the exemption forms.

    You can even find an outdated exemption form here on their website. Unfortunately, they have no uploaded any recent ones. You need to ask the office for DoDEA Form 4 SHSM H-2-2. As you can see here, whoops, they left it off. They also neglect to mention here and here that exemptions are allowed. They do mention it here, that you can get a waiver for vaccines.

    DODEA Flu Shot Requirement
    Flu shots are now required for DODEA schools and they can disenroll your child if you don't get them one. Good news is that you can simply file a religious exemption solely for the flu shot. Sounds weird, but ironically no one has had issues with getting all their vaccines but claiming religion and getting out of the flu shot.

    The CDC
    The CDC can be more difficult, however someone said that they printed out pages 10 and 16 from Immunizations and Chemoprophylaxis (entitled pages 6 and 10 inside the actual document), and brought them to CYS with their religious waiver.

    Religious Exemptions
    You don't have go to church or even belong to any religion to claim religious exemptions. Here's information about religious exemptions for DOD schools. Pretty much anyone can claim a religious exemption. You MUST write it in your own words. Don't just copy and paste. Here's information explaining how your personal beliefs will qualify you for a religious exemption. Both links have forms you can use to turn into the schools. You may or may not need to get the Chief of Preventive Medicine to sign them. Preventive Medicine is not located at the 121, but it's in a separate building near the commissary at Yongsan. It's building 5447 and their phone number is 0503-337-1750. They said they're the building before gate 6 near the commissary in the building that looks like a bungalow.

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    Tuesday, 17 January 2017

    2017 Baby Fairs in Korea

    Below you can find information about baby fairs in 2017. This post contains information about baby fairs for other years.

    Baby Fairs are great since you can see and try many things you might want to buy for your baby. Some fairs have an entrance fee, though usually if you pre-register, it's waived. Prices range widely for the items. My suggestion would be to try the items out and then buy them at home or have friends or family ship or bring them to you. You should also definitely consider a baby registry. You can then have people ship you the items, go get them when you visit, or have family bring them when they visit.

    Even if you don't buy anything from the fair, it's still nice to be able to see the item ahead of time and sometimes you can get samples. Some booths even give out generous gifts. Many people order online or have friends or family members bring things when they come to visit since it's usually cheaper that way.

    Below you can find info for baby fairs in 2016. For more information check out their websites or call them. All of them are held in big malls and should have English speakers. If they don't, call 120 and they will do a three-way call and translate for you. Or you could try Ask Ajumma.

    **** I am still trying to update this. If you have any information to add, please let me know!****

    Baby Fairs by Location
    AT Center in Gangnam
    • TBA

    Cheonan Stadium has the Cheonan Baby Fair
    • TBA

    COEX in Gangnam
    • Feb. 16-19

    KINTEX in Goyang, Gyeonggi-do Mom and Baby Expo and Korea Baby and Education Fair
    • Feb 9-12

    SETEC in Gangnam has the Seoul Baby Fair
    • TBA 

    Yongsan War Memorial has the Yongsan Babyexpo
    • TBA
    Baby Fairs by Dates 
    • TBA


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